DBA Program Content

It is suggested that a student discusses his/her schedule with the Provost before attending classes.

I. Required Core Courses *
  BA 301 Managerial Economics 3  
  BA 302 Principles of Management 3  
  BA 303 Finance Management 3  
  BA 304 Marketing Management 3  
  BA 305 Project Management 3  
  BA 307 Operations Management 3  
  BA 308 Human Resources Management 3  
  BA 309 Ethics of Business Management 3  
  BA 310 International Economics 3  
  BA 312 Business Research Methodology 3  
  BA 320 Organization Behavior and Administration 3  
  BA 330 Entrepreneurship 3  
  BA 340 Managerial Accounting and Financial Control 3  
  BA 350 Management Information Systems 3  
  BA 360 Quantitative Methods for Business and FM 3  
  BA 370 Communications in Leadership and Negotiations 3  
  BA 388 Seminar on Higher Education 3  
  BA 390 Business Strategy and Decision-Making 3  
Total DBA Core Courses: 54 Units

* A sequence of core courses in the DBA program is required for prerequisite reasons only. One or two of these courses may be substituted by the Provost to satisfy a specific academic interest of a student.

II. DBA Concentrations 

Students should choose a concentration to complete the requirements for the DBA degree. Currently Lincoln University offers three concentrations: International Business, Finance and Investments and Human Resources Management. A personal concentration may be created for a student with the recommendation of the advisor and the permission of the Provost.

A.International Business  

The International Business (IB) concentration emphasizes various aspects and enables students to gain in-depth understanding of the complexities and functions of international management professionals in a globally competitive business environment. Stress is placed to address major managerial, economic, and strategic planning issues facing multinational firms such as product development and competitive strategies, foreign direct investment risks, and managing globally diverse businesses and organizations. The coursework draws heavily on actual business firms' international practices and experience and the distinctive differences between operating a purely domestic versus a global or international business. This concentration prepares students to assume positions, which require an understanding of effective leadership and vision to successfully guide the development of a complex network of global operations. It results in the program concentration objectives as follows:
  1. Teaching opportunities obtained as a result of increased knowledge of the world of international business coupled with an understanding of international risk management;
  2. Ability to perform significant and relevant research studies based on fundamentals from the core structure in the Doctor of Business Administration program with direct application and relevance to the world of international business;
  3. Foundation for consulting in the field of International Business stems from the theoretical study in the subject, complemented by the hands-on practical application from the internship setting.

Choose 5 (20 units) of the following 400-level courses:
  BA 413 International Marketing 4  
  BA 414 International Finance 4  
  BA 415 International Business and Investment Strategy 4  
  BA 416 International Management 4  
  BA 417 Political and Legal Aspects of International Business 4  
  BA 418 Import-Export Management 4  
  BA 443 International Banking 4  
  BA 444 International Securities and Foreign Exchange 4  
  BA 480 Special Topics in Graduate Business Studies (IB) 4  
  and take the required:    
  BA 481 Graduate Internship and Report in IB 4  
Total DBA IB Concentration courses: 24 Units

B. Finance and Investments 

The Finance and Investments (FI) concentration emphasizes various aspects of American and international finances. Stress is placed on the use of finance as a management tool. Theoretical foundations in the concentration of Finance and Investments, supplemented by practical application from the Internship requirement, result in the program concentration objectives as follows:
  1. Teaching opportunities result from the increased knowledge and applications from the world of international finance and banking, to the theoretical structures of financial engineering and investment science, coupled with an understanding and integration of credit risk management, benefiting clients from the world of business;
  2. Ability to perform significant and relevant research studies is based on fundamentals from the core structure in the Doctor of Business Administration program with direct application and relevance to the world of finance and investments;
  3. Foundation for consulting in the field of Finance and Investments stems from the theoretical study in the subject, complemented by the hands-on practical application from the internship setting.

Choose 5 (20 units) of the following 400-level courses:
  BA 414 International Finance 4  
  BA 415 International Business and Investment Strategy 4  
  BA 443 International Banking 4  
  BA 444 International Securities and Foreign Exchange 4  
  BA 445 Commercial Banking and Lending 4  
  BA 463 Investment Science 4  
  BA 464 Investments (Real Estate) 4  
  BA 465 Investments (The Stock Market) 4  
  BA 466 Econometrics 4  
  BA 467 Credit Risk Management 4  
  BA 480 Special Topics in Graduate Business Studies (FI) 4  
  and take the required:    
  BA 482 Graduate Internship and Report in FI 4  
Total DBA FI Concentration courses: 24 Units

C. Human Resources Management

The Human Resources Management (HRM) concentration provides courses in human, social, legal, and psychological aspects, important for the future HR managers. The concentration arms graduates with the tools to understand and apply the dynamics of the personal element in the field of study, tempered by the practical experience acquired with the applied Internship. This has direct application to the program objectives relative to: teaching, research, practical application in the field, and consulting, as follows: 

  1. Teaching opportunities exist in the field of both National and International Management, with an appreciation and understanding of the social elements applied to Business Administration;
  2. Theoretical and applied research options are tempered and supplemented with an understanding of the political, legal, sociological, and psychological aspects of dynamics within the field of study;
  3. Consulting opportunities in the subject of Business Administration, requiring recognition of the significance of human elements in the social environment, are acquired through the study of both theory and practice, providing a unique blend of skills and competencies applicable to systems of management and administration.
Choose 5 (20 units) of the following 400-level courses:
  BA 416 International Management 4  
  BA 417 Political and Legal Aspects of International Business 4  
  BA 423 Organizational Development 4  
  BA 424 Leadership Development 4  
  BA 431 Social Environment of Business 4  
  BA 436 Human Factors in Small Businesses 4  
  BA 437 Personnel Law 4  
  BA 480 Special Topics in Graduate Business Studies (HRM) 4  
  and take the required:    
  BA 484 Graduate Internship and Report in HRM 4  
Total DBA HRM Concentration courses: 24 Units

III. DBA Degree Qualifying Examination

The DBA qualifying examination is to demonstrate students' knowledge acquired through the program as well as their ability of independent thinking and delivering the information to a business community or to their students in the future. Qualifying exams are required for all DBA students who have completed all of their core coursework, at least 12 units of concentration courses, and are ready to begin the dissertation research and seminars. Students passing the exam are elevated to a candidacy status in the doctoral program and fulfill all degree requirements upon the completion and successful defense of their dissertation. The examination may be arranged twice every semester during the first week and the week of finals.

  • The examination is oral in nature with the duration of 120 minutes: 60 minutes for the preparation and 60 minutes for the answers.
  • An examination committee consists of at least 3 members selected from the Lincoln University administration and faculty including one from the field related to the student's concentration.
  • Students must answer two questions from the Core Business Topics and two questions from their Concentration section. Two core and one concentration questions are randomly selected by drawing a token with a number. The other concentration question is selected by the student prior to the exam. The list of questions is given to students one month before the examination.
  • Students' answers should be prepared and delivered as 4 short lectures of a course on the selected topics (8-10 minutes for each).
  • Each question contains a certain statement (similar to a course description) or may have a problem statement that should be resolved at the end of the presentation.
  • Students' presentations should provide definitions of major terms in each question, discussion of their relations and needs, and a conclusion. It is not required that students' conclusions support the statements provided by the exam committee, but students should give their arguments and try to convince the committee of their opinions.

IV. DBA 500 Level Course Sequence and Dissertation Requirements

Students in the research / dissertation stage of matriculation for the DBA degree must maintain satisfactory status with the University and are required to enroll in the sequence of 500 level courses needed for the development, writing, and completion of the dissertation required for each DBA candidate. Upon completion of the dissertation, DBA candidates must obtain their advisor's approval to present and defend their work to the Doctoral Committee. The Doctoral Committee is composed of Lincoln University faculty members familiar with the candidate's field of study and may include appropriately qualified faculty from other institutions. Students should complete the dissertation, taking courses BA 501, BA 502, or BA 504 and BA 597-599 during at least 3 semesters. Grades for these courses are CR or NC only.

After passing the required DBA qualifying exam, doctoral students begin the process of exploring a range of potential research topics by enrolling in the research seminars - courses BA 501, BA 502, or BA 504. These courses focus on the exploration of research topics that are within the student's area of concentration and offer opportunities to develop new knowledge in their field of interest as well as having the potential to develop into an acceptable dissertation research proposal.

Registration for BA 597 (Dissertation I) requires the completion of BA 501, 502, or BA 504 as prerequisites. The course requirement of BA 597 is the development of a research topic proposal that, by the end of the semester, is recommended by the student's academic advisor for presentation for approval by the Doctoral Committee. The dissertation topic must be related to the student's area of concentration and be approved by the committee. Continuous communications between the students and their advisors are essential in order to fulfill the requirements of the course. If a student is unable to complete his/her dissertation proposal and receive the advisor's approval for presentation by the end of that term, he/she may register for BA 597 in the next term. A student failing to complete, present, and receive the Doctoral Committee approval for his/her dissertation topic by the end of the second registration for BA 597 will not be permitted to continue in the DBA program. The student may appeal the result of the course and, if the appeal is successful, retake BA 597 with a new advisor.

Students, who are successful in having their dissertation topic approved by the end of their BA 597 course, are allowed to move on to BA 598 (Dissertation II). The requirements of BA 598 relate to measuring the students' progress in the data collection and its analysis identified in their approved dissertation proposal. At this level, students are to work closely with their academic advisors making any required updates to their dissertation by collecting and analyzing the data needed to support their research and test their hypotheses. At the end of the term, the student's faculty advisor must document the student's progress toward completion of their dissertation on the required DBA Progress report form. The objective of BA 598 is to bring the students close to completing a first draft of their dissertation. If necessary, the course can be extended for one additional term if recommended by the student's advisor on the progress report form and approved by the Provost and Registrar.

Students demonstrating satisfactory progress on their BA 598 DBA Progress Report Form are allowed to register for BA 599 (Dissertation III). They are expected to complete all chapters of their dissertation and by the end of the term, gain their advisor's recommendation to present and defend the completed dissertation in its final form for the Doctoral Committee's review and approval. This course can be extended for one or in special cases two additional terms based on the recommendation of the student's advisor provided that extension does not exceed the maximum degree completion time. Upon completion of the dissertation, DBA candidates must obtain their advisor's approval to present and defend their work to the Doctoral Committee. A student may request his/her dissertation defense with no adviser. The completed dissertation in published form and an oral defense of the student's research study is presented to a Doctoral Committee including a member from another appropriately accredited institution within the subject area. The DBA degree is awarded after the student presents and defends their completed dissertation to the Doctoral Committee and receives their acceptance of the finished dissertation.

The DBA Program 500 level course sequence is designed to prepare and assist doctoral students to determine their proposed dissertation research topic and then after its Doctoral Committee approval to engage in the development and completion of their dissertation. The courses are:

  BA 501 DBA Research Seminar in International Business 3 OR
  BA 502 DBA Research Seminar in Finance Management 3 OR
  BA 504 DBA Research Seminar in Human Resources Management 3  
  BA 597 DBA Dissertation I (advisor / topic selection, data collection) 4  
  BA 598 DBA Dissertation II (data analysis and interpretation) 4  
  BA 599 DBA Dissertation III (dissertation preparation and defense) 4  
Total Required for the DBA 500 Courses and Dissertation: 15 Units
Total (minimum) Required for the DBA Degree : 93 Units